Topic Area H: Transport in Developing and Emerging Countries

This Topic Area deals with the unique challenges developing countries face in planning, financing, developing, maintaining and operating their transport infrastructure and services, especially with issues related to institutional governance, sustainable financing, rapid urbanization, rural-urban integration and regional disparities, and environmental sustainability. The subjects covered in this Topic Area include: (H1) Transport Policy, Planning and Financing in Developing Countries; (H2) Infrastructure Operation and Traffic Management in Developing Countries and (H5) Urban Transport in Developing Countries.

 

SIG H1 – Transport Policy, Planning and Financing in Developing Countries

Objectives

This SIG has the multi-disciplinary studies involving policy, planning and financing in developing and emerging countries. The policy aspects cover the institutional capacity; governance structures; capacity building both government and private entities; policy and decision-making practices; and pricing of infrastructure services, etc. The planning aspects cover how well transport infrastructure plans are integrated with overall urban, national and regional plans, as well as the economic plans. The financing aspects cover innovative financing and funding issues in transportation including road funds, cost-recovery from users, public private partnership, and local government finance, including fiscal decentralisation.

Background

Topic Area H, “Transport in Developing and Emerging Countries,” was initially established at the 13th WCTRS Conference, Rio de Janeiro, in 2013. The Topic Area included three session track teams: H1, “Institutions, Governance and Capacity Building” (Chair: Antti Talvitie); H2, “Planning, Financing, Socio-economic Impact Evaluation” (Chair: Binyam Reja); and H4, “Regional and Interregional Transport” (Chair: Meng Li, Co-chair: Shinya Hanaoka). These three session tracks were not considered a Special Interest Group (SIG) at the 14th WCTRS Conference, Shanghai, in 2016. Following the 14th conference, we decided to merge the teams into a new SIG. Approval to launch SIG H1, “Transport Policy, Planning and Financing in Developing Countries” (Chair: Shinya Hanaoka), was granted at the WCTRS scientific committee meeting at the University of Leeds on July 21, 2017.

Activities

On Friday 12 January 2018, Prof. Yoshitsugu Hayashi (President of WCTRS), Prof. Lóri Tavasszy (Chair of Scientific Committee) and Prof. Shinya Hanaoka (Chair of SIG H1) participated in the session “Promoting Research and the African Universities Network” at Transforming Transportation annually organised by World Bank at the headquarter in Washington, DC.  Prof. Hayashi gave a keynote speech for sustainable transport, and Prof. Hayashi and Prof. Tavasszy discussed data sharing, research needs and the joint research possibility in Sub-Saharan Africa as the panelist of the session. At the end of the session, WCTRS, World Bank, World Resource Institute, University of Dar es Salaam (Tanzania), University of Nairobi (Kenya), Institut National Polytechnique Felix Houphouet-Boigny (Ivory Coast), University of Johannesburg (South Africa) and Cheikh Anta Diop University (Senegal) agreed to future collaboration and signed a Letter of Intent for Scientific Cooperation with African Universities in Research and Capacity Building in the Transport Sector.

On Friday 18 May 2018, members of SIG H1, together with members of SIGs H2 and G5, held a Joint Seminar on “Sustainable Transport Measures for Liveable Cities” at IIT Bombay.  Please click here to view the Seminar Report.

Membership

Membership is open to all academics, researchers, industry managers, international donor agencies, government officials and policy makers with research interest in the subject area. Anyone interested in joining is invited to contact Shinya Hanaoka at the address below.

Contact

Chair:  Prof. Shinya Hanaoka, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan
Email:  hanaoka@ide.titech.ac.jp

SIG H2 – Infrastructure Operation and Traffic Management in Developing Countries

Objectives

Background

Activities

On Friday 18 May 2018, members of SIG H2, together with members of SIGs H1 and G5, held a Joint Seminar on “Sustainable Transport Measures for Liveable Cities” at IIT Bombay.  Please click here to view the Seminar Report.

Membership

Contact

Chair: Ashish Verma,
Indian Institute of Science Bangalore
India

Members

(The full membership list for this SIG is maintained by the SIG Chair/Co-chair)

SIG H5 – Urban Transport in Developing Countries

Objectives

Efficient and affordable urban transport and mobility for all, are of prime importance for the developing world. The economic development of towns and cities, and the socio-economic well-being of their inhabitants, are directly dependent on the degree of success in creating socially, financially and environmentally sustainable urban transport systems. As the economic and land-use characteristics of developing country cities are often very different from those prevailing in industrialized countries (for which most transport engineering and technology has been developed), new and appropriate transport planning, engineering and management approaches are required.

This SIG aims to fulfil its mission through, amongst others, the stimulation of:

  • Transfer of knowledge and experiences (North-South as well as South-South)
  • Applied research and research capacity building in developing countries
  • Human resources development

Background

SIG-H5 is convened by CODATU, as the authoritative organization on urban transport in developing countries. CODATU’s mission is to build capacity in the fields of urban transport and mobility in developing countries. It does this in the believe that in order to create economically, financially and socially sustainable urban mobility, the first need to be fulfilled is that for an enabling environment (legal, institutional and financial framework), and institutional and human resources capacities in developing countries.

Potential research topics of SIG-H5 include:

  • Traffic Congestion Mitigation
  • Traffic Safety
  • Parking Management
  • Transit System for Mid-Size City
  • Transit Oriented Development
  • Accessibility Management
  • CO2 Emission Reduction

Activities

This SIG operates Session Track H5 in Topic Area H: Transport in Developing and Emerging Countries in WCTR Conferences. In addition, it has organized special sessions in the past CODATU and EASTS (Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies) conferences and will do so in the future.

Website: http://www.sig-h5.udtrc.com/

Membership

Anyone interested in the SIG should contact either of the Co-chairs below.

Contact

Prof. Kazuaki Miyamoto, Tokyo City University, Tokyo, Japan
Email: miyamoto@tcu.ac.jp

Dr. Varameth Vichiensan, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand
Email: fengvmv@ku.ac.th

Members

(The full membership list for this SIG is maintained by the SIG Chair/Co-chair)