Topic Area G: Transport Planning and Policy

Topic Area G covers the institutional processes of developing and implementing transport plans and policies at local, regional and national levels. It includes consideration of institutional structures, stakeholder involvement, decision-making processes, objective setting, problem identification, strategic option generation, the application of predictive models and appraisal methods to policy assessment, identification and resolution of barriers, implementation and policy transfer addressing also transport policies for tourism and mass events and emerging policy issues. Public transport planning and policy is part of this topic area.

 

SIG G1 – Governance and Decision-making Processes

Objectives:

The aim of this SIG is to advance the understanding of the development and implementation of transportation policies and knowledge of the governance dynamics that influence and steer these processes, while also forwarding understanding of the role of transportation in wider governance and public policy trends. Therefore the SIG welcomes a range of different theoretical, empirical and methodological approaches to develop insights in the following areas;

  • Advancing understanding of policy processes beyond the lens of rational, objective-led planning
  • Understanding the role of context and in particular its role in policy transferability at a range of scales and geographies
  • Recognition of the importance of networks of governance including interactions between industrial, governmental and citizen interests and across multiple levels of governance
  • Advancing understanding of barriers to transport policy change and reasons for stability
  • Understanding the role of participatory processes, including citizen and user engagement in the policy process
  • Advancing understanding of the implications of new technological innovations (such as shared mobility platforms) for transport governance and provision

The SIG also aims to share practical insights and theoretical and methodological advances with the wider research community. This will be done through open session tracks at WCTRS, and seminars and workshops outside of conference. An important aim of the SIG is also the facilitation of dialogue, learning and engagement between policy and research communities, and therefore the SIG will aim to develop partnerships with a range of organisations such as the International Transport Forum.

Background:

This SIG is still in development, having only been officially established in August 2015. Our inaugural meeting was held at the 14th WCTRS conference in Shanghai in 2016. This meeting included presentations from Steven Perkins from the International Transport Forum and Moshe Givoni from Tel Aviv University.

The thrust of the meeting was to identify an agenda for the SIG going forward. Through a mind map exercise involving all in attendance, we identified numerous pressing governance questions that we hope the SIG will address into the future, these included:

  • What are the often hidden assumptions that guide policymaking?
  • How are policy problems framed and what implications do these understandings have in practice?
  • Are governance networks agents of or brakes on change?
  • Does smart mobility risk the privatisation of transport?
  • What is the politics behind project selection?
  • Is there an inherent political bias towards creating more (and bigger) infrastructure?
  • How do we address inequalities in decision making? Including addressing the gap between the people and decision-makers, and politicians and experts.
  • How can we bridge the gap between technological innovation in tools of governance (e.g. evaluation tools) and what policymakers want/are able to use?

Activities:

May 2017  –  In May 2017  the SIG G1 ran a research day in conjunction with the International Transport Forum on Governing the Smart Mobility Transition and a special session at the ITF Summit on Scenarios and the Smart Mobility Transition.  The event brought together around 50 people from academia, industry, government and the third sector.  

The programme for the day can be found here and the Abstracts here.   You can also download the slides for all of the presentations here, and a summary of the key findings from the research day here.

The slides from the scenarios exercise can be downloaded here and the write up summarising the key points from the panel discussion can be downloaded here.

A book bringing together the highlights from the Summit activities has been commissioned and should be in print in early 2018.

July 2016  –  WCTR 2016.  Our first session track was at WCTRS 2016 in Shanghai. Our track included 24 papers from across the world, and covered a wide range of important governance questions; including how to move away from the ‘build it or don’t’ infrastructure paradigm, through to how to develop a participatory planning approach, and how sustainability is operationalised in EU policy.

Members

(The full membership list for this SIG is maintained by the SIG Chair/Co-chair)

Contact:

Chair:  Greg Marsden
The University of Leeds

Email:  G.R.Marsden@its.leeds.ac.uk

Co-chair:  Louise Reardon
The University of Birmingham

Email:  l.h.reardon@bham.ac.uk

SIG G2 – National and Regional Transport Planning and Policy

Objectives

The primary objective of the SIG is to promote research relating to regional and national transport planning policy to improve the economic, environmental and social environment globally. Via international workshops and group meetings, the SIG will gather outstanding and experienced transport experts to promote studies in this field.

The second objective of the SIG is to hold dedicated sessions dealing with regional and national transport planning and policy in the WCTR conference and to produce high-quality research in this field.

Lastly, the SIG aims to become a link between WCTRS and other organisations.

Background

In recent years transport related issues/challenges/impacts have become more obvious although a series of transport masterplans and policies which have been developed and implemented at a regional, national and international level in order to mitigate the negative impact of the growing demand of mobility.

The aim of this SIG is to provide planning and policy for both passenger and freight transport at both the national and regional level. It includes all transport modes that contribute to national and regional economic development, climate change and quality of life. While transport planning and policy is already established as a research focus within the WCTRS in the SIG G3 – Urban Transport Planning and Policy (former SIG 10), the regional, national and international perspective are not explicitly addressed in the WCTRS, hence the proposal for G2.

Activities

Firstly, the “National and Regional Transport Planning and Policy” SIG will hold international workshops to promote joint studies in this field. This SIG mainly focuses on “regional and (inter-) national scale” while other SIGs focus more on the urban level. As the scope, methods and instruments are similar to SIG G3, the mechanism and influences on regional and (inter-) national level are distinct topics.

Secondly, the “National and Regional Transport Planning and Policy” SIG will organise dedicated sessions regarding National and Regional Transport Planning and Policy in later WCTR conferences, and aims to hold special sessions in other high-level international or regional conferences.

The SIG will also seek opportunities to promote collaboration and cooperation among WCTRS, government administration and practitioners worldwide.

A specific call for Abstracts for SIG G2 at the 14th World Conference on Transport Research Society to be held in Shanghai (China), 10-15 July 2016 is available at Specific_CfP_SIG_G2_WCTR2016_final (3) and an example Abstract for use by potential authors is available at WRCTS_G2_Austrian_transport_policy_abstract_Emberger_v0

Invitation to the inaugural meeting of SIG G2 at WCTR 2016, Shanghai, China

Dear members of the WCTRS SIG G2 “National and Regional Transport Planning and Policy”,

I would like to invite you to our inaugural meeting at the WCTRS 2016 Shanghai China.

The meeting will take place in room number ZHB402 on Tuesday the 12th of July at 10:30 till 12:10 Session G2-3B-SIG.

Attached you will find a draft of the slides SIG G2 Inaugural Meeting, Shanghai 2016 – V1I would like to discuss with you and to collect your views how to increase our activities in the coming years. I also would like to ask you to distribute this email to your colleagues who might be interested in this kind of research and invite them to become a member of our SIG G2.

Looking forward to seeing you all in China

Cheers Guenter Emberger

Membership

The SIG will be led by A.o.Univ.Prof. Dr. Guenter Emberger from Vienna University of Technology, Austria.  An invitation to join this newly formed group is available at Sig G2 Invitation to become a member March 2015  Members from all countries are warmly welcome!

Contact

Chair:  A.o.Univ.Prof.Dr. Guenter Emberger
Institute of Transportation – Center for Transport Planning and Traffic Engineering
University of Technology Vienna
Gusshausstrasse 30/2
A-1040 Vienna
Tel : +43 (0) 58801 23112
Fax: +43 (0) 58801 23199
Email: guenter.emberger@tuwien.ac.at

Members

(The full membership list for this SIG is maintained by the SIG Chair/Co-chair)

 

 

SIG G3 – Urban Transport Planning and Policy

Objectives

Its principal objectives are to:

  • Collate experience on the performance of urban transport planning and policy
  • Establish good practice in the evaluation of urban transport planning and policy
  • Develop a research programme to enhance understanding of the design, implementation and performance of urban transport planning and policy
  • Encourage the development of interactive learning methods in the subject area for students, practitioners and decision makers

These objectives will be reviewed and expanded from time to time in light of SIG members’ interests.

Background

This SIG was launched at the 9th WCTR in Seoul, focusing on urban transport policy.

Professor Tony May was chair of the SIG from its inception until 2007 when the role was taken on by Stephen Ison (Loughborough University, UK).

Activities

The SIG hosted an inaugural conference in Leeds in July 2002, from which many papers were published in a special issue of Transport Policy. It sponsored three tracks and twelve sessions at the 10th World Conference in Istanbul, and published a special issue of selected papers from that conference in Transport Policy in 2006.

The SIG sponsored a series of tracks and sessions at the 11th World Conference in Berkeley 2007 and as with Istanbul a special issue of selected papers was published in Transport Policy.

The SIG sponsored a series of tracks and sessions at the 12th World Conference in Lisbon 2010 and selected papers formed a special issue of Transport Policy on Urban Transport Initiatives in 2012.

In terms of the 13th World Conference 2013 there were 9 sessions which formed part of G3 and this comprised 42 presentations. In addition there were 9 posters as part of the Poster Session Programme. A special issue of Case Studies on Transport Policy on Urban Transport Policy was published in March 2015.

Recent conferences

An International Conference in collaboration with The Institute for Climate Change and Sustainable Development, University of Malta

“Climate Change Targets and Urban Transport Policy”

13 – 14 April 2015, University of Malta Valletta Campus

See the conference details

malta-banner

Emerging Urban Transport Policies Towards Sustainability From March 14th to 16th 2012 the Technical University of Vienna hosted a Workshop on Emerging Urban Transport Policies Towards Sustainability.  For further details, please see http://wctrs-urbantransportpolicy.org/events.php

SIG10 Workshop: Emerging Urban Transport Policies towards sustainability A SIG 10 Workshop took on Saturday 18 April 2009 in Gothenburg on the theme of the Transferability of Urban Transport Policy. This was held to coincide with the Volvo Research and Educational Foundations (VREF) – Future Urban Transport (FUT) the 4th International Conference on Future Urban Transport, Gothenburg, 20-21 April 2009.  For further details, please see http://wctrs-urbantransportpolicy.org/events.php

Membership

Membership is open to any academic or practitioner with an interest in the subject area. Anyone interested in joining is invited to contact Stephen Ison or Maria Attard at the address below.

Please do not hesitate to contact us at the address below if you have any suggestions for the effective running of this SIG.

Contact

Chair:  Professor Stephen Ison
Transport Studies Group
Loughborough University
Loughborough
LE11 3TU
United Kingdom

Tel :+44 (0) 1509 222605 / Fax: +44 (0) 1509 223981
Email : s.g.ison@lboro.ac.uk

Co-Chair:  Professor Maria Attard
Department of Geography
Faculty of Arts Director
Institute for Climate Change and Sustainable Development
OH132, University of Malta
Msida MSD2080
Malta

Tel: +356 2340 2147
Email: maria.attard@um.edu.mt

Members

(The full membership list for this SIG is maintained by the SIG Chair/Co-chair)

SIG G4 – Cultural and Social Issues in Transport

Objectives

A key objective for the SIG is to provide to discuss and share ideas and research about the cultural and social influences on people’s movements through time and space. Transport planners need to better understand how people’s physical and virtual interactions with the transport system are socially, culturally and spatially differentiated.  This is important because of the many social and economic consequences of being unable to access the goods, service and jobs one needs in daily life.

The key issues we cover include accessibility, growing spatial and social inequalities, life-stage needs (childhood, parenthood, ageing, etc.), impacts of new information and transport technologies, and the social and cultural factors affecting travel behavior change.

We invite wide participation of a range of relevant disciplines, such as geography, transport and urban planning, public health, anthropology, urban studies and the political and social sciences. Though much of our work tends to be socio-spatial, we encourage quantitative and qualitative research approaches, new theoretical/conceptual contributions and innovative approaches and methods, on the proviso that such research agendas should eventually be able to have impact on policy.

Background

This SIG was officially established in October 2013 but has its origins in the Social and Equity Issues in Transport session track that was organized for the Rio WCTR conference in 2011. We held several session tracks under this theme, which attracted a broad range of high-quality papers from different international contexts.  It became clear that there was a huge appetite at these events to discuss research covering a wide range of cultural and social issues associated with people’s interactions with the transport system. Our SIG was formed to provide an international forum to draw together the multi-disciplinary perspectives of researchers working to explain the role of transport in shaping people’s everyday lives and experiences.

Activities

May 2017:  Launch of new research network to promote more Socially inclusive transport systems in the Global South

INTALInC is an international research network funded by the ESRC’s Global Research Challenge Fund and coordinated by the Institute of Transport Studies, at the University of Leeds (UK). It uses African and Asian case study research to promote urban transport systems that can meet the travel needs of low income populations in cities in the Global South.  For more information and to sign up for the network newsletter at www.intalinc.wordpress.com or follow us on Twitter @INTALInC.

Upcoming events: SIG G4 side event @ CODATU Conference November 4-5th Hyderabad, India: contact m.burke@griffith.ac.uk if you are planning on attending to join us for an informal get together.

Upcoming articles: Look out for our latest Special Issue on ‘Transport Poverty and Social Equity’ in press with invited papers from the Shanghai conference for the Journal of European Transport Research and Reviews http://www.springer.com/engineering/civil+engineering/journal/12544

Previously:  We have published a Special Issue for the new journal Case Studies in Transport Policy journal on the subject of ‘Social Inclusion in Transport in Advanced Industrial Societies’, featuring papers from the 2013 Rio conference. An introduction can be found here: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2213624X14000224

Membership

Co-Chairs: Professor Karen Lucas and Dr Helena Titheridge

Secretary: Pascal Pochet

Membership of SIG G4 is open to any academic or practitioner who is a member of WCTRS.  Please contact Karen Lucas or Helena Titheridge at the addresses below if you wish to join us.

Please do not hesitate to contact me at the address below if you have any suggestions for the effective running of this SIG.

Contact

Professor Karen Lucas
Institute for Transport Studies
University of Leeds

Email: k.lucas@leeds.ac.uk

Dr Helena Titheridge
Centre for Transport Studies
University College London

Email: h.titheridge@ucl.ac.uk

 

Members

(The full membership list for this SIG is maintained by the SIG Chair/Co-chair)

 

 

SIG G5 – Disaster Resilience in Transport

Launch date of the SIG / History

The Special Interest Group (SIG) – “Disaster Resilience in Transport” was officially established in October, 2013. Actually, before this SIG was launched, there were lots of discussion, communication and various activities related to transport system resilience in disasters among transportation researchers. In the last WCTRS in Rio, we organized a special session on “Resilience in transport at natural disasters and emergencies” which attracted lots of researchers’ interests. In September 2013, in the EASTS (East Asia Society for Transportation Studies) conference in Taipei, WCTRS members held another special session named “Transport at natural disasters and emergencies”. In 2015, the SIG will hold a special session in Turkey to promote researches about “Resilience in transport”.

Objectives

The mission of this SIG group is to be a source and also a forum to discuss and share academic and practical researches about transportation system performance and resilience before, during and after abnormal conditions, such as natural disasters, large public activities and traffic accidents. We will seek for alternative ways and effective methods to make cities and regions resilient.

The first research focus of this SIG is transportation system before, during and after natural disasters. In recent years in many part of the world, there have been quite a number of large scale natural disasters, such as earthquakes, tsunamis and flood. Therefore disaster resilience is becoming more and more important in designing and maintaining transport systems.
Another research focus of this SIG is the influences of large public activities on transportation systems. When we hold large public activities, people gather and disperse in a short time. This characteristic makes transport and traffic systems show much different features comparing to normal time. To make and keep a safety and efficient transportation system during public activities is significant.

Besides, traffic accidents is also a focus of this SIG. Traffic accident is also an abnormal issue in transportation system. Researches in this aspect would be valuable to build a safety, rapid and efficient transportation system.

Major Accomplishments

1. Background
While different types of natural disasters, such as earthquakes, tsunamis and flood, damaged transportation systems seriously in recent years, very few researches have done. In the last WCTRS in Rio, we organized a special session on “Resilience in transport at natural disasters and emergencies” which attracted lots of researchers’ interests.

2. Objectives
The primary objective of the SIG is to promote researches about transport in disasters to improve transport system disaster prevention and mitigation ability. Via international workshop, group meeting, the SIG will gather outstanding and experienced transport experts to promote studies in this field. The second objective of the SIG is to hold special session in WCTRS conference and produce high-quality researches in this field. Lastly, the SIG aims to become a link between WCTRS and other organizations.

3. Achievements
We held a special session “Transport at natural disasters and emergencies” in WCTR Rio in July, 2013 and also another in Taipei Conference of EASTS (Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies) in September, 2013, both of which were organized by Professor Yoshi Hayashi, WCTRS President and also a member of this SIG.

4. Future Plan
The selected papers from these special sessions are now prepared to be published in Transport Policy. We plan to hold two SIG seminars before WCTRS 2016 Shanghai.  The first seminar will be held in 2014 in Beijing, China. The second one will be held in 2015 in India. We also expect more events as special sessions in related conferences such as EASTS, TRB, CODATU, etc.

Contact

Chair: Huapu Lu  
Tsinghua University
China

Co-chair: Asish Verma  
Indian Institute of Science
India

Secretary: Ruimin Li        
Tsinghua University
China
Email: lrmin@tsinghua.edu.cn

Members

(The full membership list for this SIG is maintained by the SIG Chair/Co-chair)

SIG G6 – Transport and Health

Objectives

The Transport and Health G6 SIG is a new forum to facilitate discussion, communication, dissemination of evidence, co-production of future directions and various other activities related to Transport and Health research and practice, within the society and beyond.  This SIG is specifically focused on transport impacts on health outcomes such as premature mortality and diseases.

The specific aims of this SIG are to:

1.  Promote research and improve practices related to transport and health in the urban context by way of international workshops, group meetings, teleconferences and continuous collaboration. The Transport and Health SIG will gather outstanding and experienced transport and health experts to promote cross-disciplinary and cross-sectoral studies and thinking.

2.  Host dedicated sessions on transport and health during the WCTR conference to promote high-quality research in the field.

3.  Establish a link between WCTRS and other established organisations and initiatives promoting transport and health. These include, but are not limited to, a working partnership with the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal)’s Urban Planning, Environment and Health Initiative (UPEH: see https://www.isglobal.org/-/urban-planning-environment-and-health-initiative?inheritRedirect=true) and the newly established Center for Advancing Research in Transportation Emissions, Energy and Health (CARTEEH: see https://www.carteeh.org/).

4.  Foster collaboration between urban and transport planners and engineers, public health professionals, economic and environmental specialists with the intent of identifying funding opportunities and developing joint research proposals.

5.  Provide a cross-disciplinary and cross-sector platform for research, policy and practice agenda setting at the intersection of transport and health.

Background

By 2050, nearly 70% of the world´s population will live in urban areas, representing the largest urban growth in human history. Cities have long been known to be society’s predominant engine of innovation and wealth creation, yet they are also the main source of pollution and disease. New cities are being created and many existing ones are expanding, all which need new transport systems or refitting of older ones.

Transport and Health has been gaining research and policy attention in recent years, due to the increasing awareness of the relationships between transport and health, the scale and urgency of transport-related health issues and the evolution of and increasing cross-disciplinary methods, teams and ways of thinking. Cities, in particular, are burdened by a wide range of adverse transport-related exposures and associated health challenges. Cities also offer great opportunities for positive change.

In cities, there are high levels of transport-related environmental exposures such as traffic-related air pollution, noise, temperature (heat islands) and lack of green space. These exposures have been associated with the adverse health effects of cardiovascular disease, respiratory insufficiency, cancer, obesity, diabetes and mental health issues of stress and anxiety thereby increasing morbidity and premature mortality in the population. Transport mode choice has also been found to impact physical activity levels in the population. The incidence and prevalence of chronic disease is exacerbated by a lack of physical activity indicative of the current transport design and planning process.

Previous and ongoing work within our group, identifies and quantifies the scope of health impacts associated with transport planning and policy, suggesting that the most effective solutions are likely at the city level A transport design and planning process that takes health into consideration can play a key role in shaping the health of citizens in cities and hence their economic and social sustainability. Policy makers supported by cross-disciplinary teams have a unique opportunity to develop transport roadmaps that jointly achieve climate change, health, congestion and economic objectives in cities. The challenge, however, is to disseminate current knowledge on the health impacts of transport and advocate the integration of health into the transport agenda to a broad audience to influence the research, policy and real-world practice.

The Transport and Health SIG would provide a critical pathway to facilitate collaboration and information sharing between existing and new WCTRS members and other professionals impacting population health. Furthermore, this SIG has the potential to push health in transport practices and agenda setting. We aim to create a community of practice among urban and transport planners, health professionals, economic and environmental specialists who are capable of identifying common language, metrics and criteria and solutions to reduce the adverse health impacts of urban transport and promote healthy transport options.

A variety of issues will be addressed by the Transport and Health SIG, including but not limited to the below topics. This range of topics is preliminary and is open to discussion. We will revise this list, expand it or refocus it over time, with the input from our members:

  • Transport-related exposures and health
  • Human exposure assessment of transport-related air pollution and health implications
  • Human exposure assessment of transport-related heat islands and health implications
  • Human exposure assessment of transport-related noise and health implications
  • The impacts of transport-related air pollution on health
  • The impacts of transport-related heat on health
  • The impacts of transport-related noise on health
  • The impacts of transport infrastructure on green space exposure and health
  • The impacts of transport infrastructure on biodiversity and health
  • Advances in exposure assessment methods (air pollution, heat, noise, green space, other) and health implications
  • Active transport and health
  • The impacts of actual safety/security on active transport choice and health outcomes
  • The impacts of perceived safety/security on active transport choice and health outcomes
  • The impacts of active modes of transport on physical activity and health outcomes
  • The impacts of active modes of transport on exposures and health outcomes
  • The impact of children’s active transport (safe routes to school, physical activity, air pollution and noise exposures) on health outcomes
  • Factors affecting transport mode choices and impacts on health outcomes
  • Policy options to encourage active transport and healthy life style and impacts on health outcomes
  • Emerging transport technologies and health
  • The impacts of autonomous and connected vehicle technology on health outcomes
  • The impacts of electric vehicle technology on health outcomes
  • The impacts of vehicle emission standards on health outcomes
  • The impacts of vehicle sharing systems on health outcomes
  • Transport, health and cross-sector collaboration
  • Barriers and facilitators to transport and health collaboration
  • Case studies of good practice in transport and health collaboration
  • Synergies between sustainability and health impacts of transport
  • Health co-benefits of climate action in the transport sector
  • Assessment and quantification of transport-related health impacts and alternative scenarios
  • Transport-related burden of disease assessment
  • Health impact assessments of existing and alternative transport policies
  • Health promoting transport planning and policy development
  • Cost-effectiveness of health impacts of transport planning and policies
  • Transport and health indicators, metrics and tools

Activities

  • Organise annual international workshops to promote joint studies in this field
  • Organise intermediate meetings within other relevant events where members adjoin
  • Organise a dedicated session to Transport and Health in upcoming WCTR conferences
  • Hold special sessions in other high-level international or regional conferences e.g. TRB
  • Seek opportunities to promote collaboration and cooperation among other WCTRS SIGs
  • Collaborate with members on research papers, proposals for funding opportunities, research roadmaps and agenda setting

Membership

(The full membership list for this SIG is maintained by the SIG Chair)

Contact

Chair: Haneen Khreis
Texas A&M Transportation Institute and Barcelona Institute for Global Health
Email(s):  H-khreis@tti.tamu.edu or haneen.khreis@isglobal.org

Co-chair: Mark Nieuwenhuijsen
Barcelona Institute for Global Health
Email:  mark.nieuwenhuijsen@isglobal.org